doctoral thesis
The influence of a specific respiratory training on parameters of competitive success in nationally ranked cyclists

Branimir Štimec (2015)
University of Zagreb
Faculty of Kinesiology
Metadata
TitleUtjecaj specifičnog treninga disanja na parametre natjecateljske uspješnosti biciklista nacionalnog ranga
AuthorBranimir Štimec
Mentor(s)Davor Šentija
Abstract
Uvod: Neka istraživanja ukazuju na mogućnost da se specifičnim treningom disanja mogu unaprijediti sposobnosti biciklista, međutim, drugi radovi nisu potvrdili vrijednost treninga disanja te o tome ne postoji jedinstveni stav. Cilj: Cilj istraživanja je ispitati utjecaj 8-tjednog specifičnog treninga dišne muskulature, provođenog istovremeno sa standardnim biciklističkim treningom, na dinamičke plućne kapacitete, ekonomičnost vožnje bicikla te parametre za procjenu aerobnog kapaciteta i natjecateljske uspješnosti. Metode: Uzorak ispitanika čini 30 biciklista nacionalnog ranga razvrstanih slučajnim odabirom u eksperimentalnu i kontrolnu grupu. Obje grupe provele su klasični biciklistički trening u trajanju od osam tjedana, a eksperimentalna grupa provodila je dodatno i specifičan trening dišne muskulature: 1) trening voljne kontrole disanja, 2) trening jačanja dišne muskulature. Prije i nakon eksperimentalnog postupka svi su ispitanici proveli mjerenje dinamičkih plućnih kapaciteta i tri testa – dva laboratorijska testa na biciklergometru: 1) test s konstantnim opterećenjem od 150 W u trajanju od 10 min za procjenu ekonomičnosti vožnje bicikla (C150); 2) progresivni test opterećenja za procjenu aerobnog kapaciteta (GXTVO2max); te jedan terenski test: 3) maksimalni test vožnje bicikla na biciklističkoj pisti dužine 4 km za procjenu natjecateljske uspješnosti (t4km). Statistička značajnost razlika između inicijalnog i finalnog mjerenja u eksperimentalne i kontrolne skupine testirana je t- testom za zavisne uzorke, a razlika između grupa ANOVA za ponovljena mjerenja (p < 0,05). Rezultati: U odnosu na inicijalno mjerenje (I), nakon provedenog trenažnog programa i treninga dišne muskulature u eksperimentalnoj skupini u finalnom mjerenju (F) ispitanika utvrđeno je: 1) značajno kraće vrijeme vožnje u terenskom testu (t4km_I = 393,4 ± 19,1 : t4km_F = 386, 1 ± 12,9 (s) p < 0,05; 2) značajno viša maksimalna voljna ventilacija (MMV_I = 184, 1 ± 31 : MMV_F = 1 99,8 ± 33,3 (l) p < 0,05); 3) bolja ekonomičnost vožnje bicikla pri opterećenju od 150 W (C150_I = 0,198 ± 0,044 : C150_F = 0,182 ± 0,038 (ml/kg/min/W) p < 0,05); 4) značajno više vrijednosti parametara za procjenu aerobnog kapaciteta pri anaerobnom pragu (ANP_I = 304,7 ± 43,1 : ANP_F= 326,0 ± 32,5 (W) p < 0,05) i pri maksimalnom intenzitetu (Wmax_I = 353,3 ± 44 : Wmax_F = 378,6 ± 31,5 (W) (p < 0,05). Kod kontrolne skupine ispitanika nisu utvrđene statistički značajne razlike za sve navedene parametre. Zaključak: Rezultati ovog istraživanja pokazuju da specifičan trening disanja usmjeren na poboljšanje tehnike disanja i jačanje dišne muskulature (kroz 8 tjedana uz klasični biciklistički trening) dovodi do poboljšanja vremena na biciklističkoj pisti na 4 km, do povećanja maksimalnog voljnog volumena, povećanja ekonomičnosti vožnje bicikla pri 150 W te povećanja vrijednosti anaerobnog praga i maksimalnog intenziteta.
Keywordscycling economy progressive burden test anaerobic threshold maximum values cycling training specific respiratory muscles training
Parallel title (English)The influence of a specific respiratory training on parameters of competitive success in nationally ranked cyclists
Committee MembersLana Ružić (committee chairperson)
Dražan Dizdar (committee member)
Goran Marković (committee member)
Davor Plavec (committee member)
Mario Kasović (committee member)
GranterUniversity of Zagreb
Faculty of Kinesiology
PlaceZagreb
StateCroatia
Scientific field, discipline, subdisciplineSOCIAL SCIENCES
Kinesiology
Sports Kinesiology
UDK796/799
THE ARTS. RECREATION. ENTERTAINMENT. SPORT
Sport
612
APPLIED SCIENCES. MEDICINE. TECHNOLOGY
Physiology
Study programme typeuniversity
Study levelpostgraduate
Study programmepostgraduate doctoral study of kinesiology
Academic title abbreviationdr. sc.
Genredoctoral thesis
Language Croatian
Defense date2015-10-13
Parallel abstract (English)
Introduction: Some researches point to possibility of improving a cyclist's abilities with a specific breathing training, but other works have not confirmed value of a breathing training and there is no common attitude towards that. Aim: The aim of the research is to test influence of the specific respiratory muscles training over the period of 8 weeks, conducted at the same time with standard cycling training, on dynamic lung capacities, cycling economy and parameters for evaluation of aerobic capacity and competitive success. Methods: The sample of respondents consists of 30 cyclists of the national rank sorted randomly into experimental and control group. Both groups have conducted a standard cycling training over the period of eight weeks and the experimental group has additionally conducted a specific respiratory muscles training: 1) training for voluntary control of breathing, 2) training for strengthening the respiratory muscles. Before and after the experimental procedure all respondents have conducted a measurement of dynamical lung capacity and three tests, two laboratory tests on bicycle ergometer: 1) a test with a constant burden of 150 W during the period of 10 minutes in order to estimate cycling economy (C150), 2) a progressive test of the burden in order to estimate the aerobic capacity (GXT VO2max) and one field test: 3) a maximal test of a bicycle ride on a 4 km long cycling track in order to estimate competitive success (t4km). Statistically significant difference between the initial and final measurement in the experimental and control group have been tested with the t-test for dependent samples and the difference between grups ANOVA for repeated measures (p < 0,05). Results: In comparison to the initial measurement (I), after the conducted training programme and the respiratory muscles training the following has been determined among the respondents from the experimental group in the final measurement (F): 1) significantly shorter cycling time in the field test (t4km_I = 393,4 ± 19,1 : t4km_F = 386,1 ± 12,9 (s) p < 0,05); 2 ) significantly higher willing ventilation (MMV_I = 184,1 ± 31 : MMV_F = 199,8 ± 33,3 (l) p < 0,05); 3) better cycling economy with the burden of 150 W (C150_I = 0,198 ± 0,044 : C150_F = 0,182 ± 0,038 (ml/kg/min/W) p < 0,05); 4) significantly higher values of the parameters for evaluation of aerobic capacity at the anaerobic threshold (ANP_I = 304,7 ± 43,1 : ANP_F = 326,0 ± 32,5 (W) p < 0,05) and maximum intensity (Wmax_I = 353,3 ± 44 : Wmax_F = 378,6 ± 31,5 (W) (p < 0,05). At the control group of the respondents no statistically significant differences for the mentioned parameters have been determined. Conclusion: The results of this research point to the fact that a specific breathing training directed to improvement of breathing technique and strengthening of respiratory muscles (over the period of 8 weeks together with a standard cycling training) time improvement on the 4 km long cycling track, leads to increase of maximum willing volume, increase in cycling economy at 150 W, increase in the value anaerobic threshold and and maximum intensity.
Parallel keywords (Croatian)ekonomičnost vožnje bicikla progresivan test opterećenja anaerobni prag maksimalne vrijednosti biciklistički trening specifičan trening dišne muskulature
Versionaccepted version
Resource typetext
Access conditionOpen access
Terms of usehttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
Noteaccepted version
URN:NBNhttps://urn.nsk.hr/urn:nbn:hr:117:347333
CommitterIvan Crnjac